Power Quality Problems Due to Transformer Inrush Current
Keywords:Power quality, transformer, inrush current, temporary overvoltage, surge arrester
Transformer energization can produce a large nonsinuoidal inrush current which contains both odd and higher order harmonic components that can put transformer winding under mechanical stress. Additionally, they can cause irregular tripping of harmonic protection relays. Furthermore, in relatively weak power systems, such as is the Bosnian system, the superposition of harmonic components with system resonance frequencies may produce temporary overvoltages (TOV). Transformer winding failures and metal oxide surge arrester (MOA) energy stresses can occur due to TOV. The paper demonstrates a case study of an energization of a 220/110 kV transformer and power quality problems that can appear due to higher harmonics. Energy stresses of MOA provoked by transformer energization are considered in the paper.