The Possibility of Insulation Level Reduction on 110 kV Overhead Line with Built-in Post Insulators Using Line Surge Arresters


  • Stane Vižintin
  • Ivo Kobal
  • Miha Bečan



Compact line, 110 kV, post insulators, overvoltages, insulation level reduction, line arresters, highvoltage laboratory, tests, Sigma SLP, computer simulations


Installation of line surge arresters (LSA) on overhead lines is normally accomplished with aim of line performance improvement. Co-ordination insulation procedure carried out during the line design in most cases doesn't take into account a suppression of overvoltages by using any overvoltage limiting devices. The decision supported by poor line performance to install LSA is usually made later. The reduction of overvoltage level depends mainly on the number of LSA installed, but in any case it is considerable. It means that insulation regarding dielectric strength might this way be over dimensioned. This fact could be considered for reduction of phase-to-ground and phase-to-phase distances, which lead to greater level of line compaction. This is of the most importance for lines with post insulators, since shorter insulators could be used and consequently narrower right of way achieved. Our target was to investigate the possibility of reducing lightning overvoltages by using LSA’s attached parallel to the insulators. For the analyses purpose we implemented a mathematical model of a single-system 110 kV compact overhead line. The Sigma Slp software was used for computer simulations. The line was investigated from the perspective of lightning over-voltages as they are the factors the most severely stressing the insulation. We focused to lightning strikes at a tower top for the case of single-phase (C) LSA installation configuration. The main influencing parameters were varied such as lightning current, surge shape and tower earthing resistance according to their most probable values to obtain overvoltage properties. We concluded, that adoption of LSA’s does not only reduce the overvoltage amplitude in that phase but also changes its shape, which has to be taken into account for test impulses generation. The physical model of wooden pole with composite line post insulators was built for testing in high-voltage laboratory. Power frequency and impulse tests were performed on insulators (phase-to-ground) and between phase conductors (phase-to-phase) in dry and wet conditions when necessary. Besides standard also non-standard impulse shape tests were accomplished to obtain withstand voltages for different arching distances. Based on our comparison with the simulation results we concluded that - speaking in terms of lightning overvoltages - it is possible to use insulators for the insulation level Um = 72,5 kV (140/325 kV), if LSA’s in phases A, B and C would be installed. To verify the conclusion in all other respects, further analyses are needed.


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