RAILWAY SYSTEM IMPACT ON VOLTAGE QUALITY AT THE LEVEL OF THE CROATIAN TRANSMISSION NETWORK
Keywords:Railway system, voltage quality, voltage harmonics, voltage unbalance
Railway systems are single-phase loads, connected to two-phase of the three-phase supply network. Therefore, they negatively affect the voltage quality, primarily the voltage unbalance. In addition to voltage unbalance, railway systems inject current harmonics into the network due to controllable diode or thyristor drives used to operate the train.
The paper gives a short theoretical description of the harmonic distortion and the voltage unbalance as well as the results of the voltage quality measurement. Moreover, the paper shows the impact of the railway system on the transmission network in the case that the facilities are connected to the 110 kV voltage level.